10.31.2016

CBOE Holdings Reports Solid Third-Quarter Results

PRNewswire – CHICAGO – CBOE Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CBOE) today reported net income allocated to common stockholders of $40.3 million, or $0.50 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2016, compared with $67.2 million, or $0.81 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2015.   Last year’s third quarter financial results represent an all-time high for the company, while this year’s results include $8.6 million of acquisition-related expenses.  Adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders was $47.2 million, or $0.58 per share, compared with $63.0 million, or $0.76 per share, for the third quarter of 2015.  Operating revenue for the quarter was $156.2 million, down 16 percent compared with $187.0 million in the third quarter of 2015.

Financial results presented on an adjusted basis for the third quarter of 2016 exclude certain items that management believes are not indicative of the company’s core operating performance, which are detailed in the reconciliation of non-GAAP results.

“CBOE made significant progress throughout the third quarter to advance our growth initiatives, including the announcement of our planned acquisition of Bats Global Markets.  We are excited about CBOE’s and Bats’ future as a combined company and look forward to working together to efficiently maximize synergies and revenue opportunities.  We believe this combination will enhance our financial strength, accelerate our strategic growth initiatives and provide new areas of growth to deliver greater value for CBOE shareholders,” said Edward T. Tilly, CBOE Holdings’ Chief Executive Officer.

“Although trading volume was down this quarter compared to last year’s record third-quarter volume, CBOE posted solid financial results, while continuing our efforts to efficiently manage our resources and expenses,” said Alan J. Dean, CBOE Holdings’ Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.  “Our focus on creating long-term value for our shareholders remains unchanged. The recently announced planned acquisition of Bats is an example of how we are allocating resources in a way that we believe will generate the best returns for our shareholders.”

(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results for the 2016 and 2015 reporting periods is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

Key Statistics and Financial Highlights

The table below highlights CBOE Holdings’ operating results on a GAAP basis and an adjusted basis for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015.  Financial results presented on an adjusted basis provide supplemental information to facilitate period-over-period comparisons by adjusting for certain items that management believes are not indicative of the company’s core operating performance.

(in millions, except per share amounts, revenue per contract and trading days)

3Q 2016

3Q 2015

Y/Y
Change

YTD
2016

YTD
2015

Y/Y
Change

Key Statistics:

Total Trading Days

64

64

189

188

Average Daily Volume (options and futures)

4.63

5.25

(12%)

4.65

4.80

(3%)

Total Trading Volume (options and futures)

296.3

335.7

(12%)

878.7

902.3

(3%)

Average Revenue Per Contract

$

0.378

$

0.431

(12%)

$

0.396

$

0.383

3%

GAAP Financial Highlights:

Total Operating Revenues

$

156.2

$

187.0

(16%)

$

481.9

$

478.6

1%

Total Operating Expenses

90.6

85.9

5%

258.8

234.6

10%

Operating Income

65.6

101.1

(35%)

223.1

244.0

(9%)

Operating Margin %

42.0%

54.1%

(1,210) bps

46.3%

51.0%

(470) bps

Net Income

$

40.5

$

67.5

(40%)

$

140.6

$

154.6

(9%)

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders

$

40.3

$

67.2

(40%)

$

140.0

$

153.9

(9%)

Diluted EPS

$

0.50

$

0.81

(38%)

$

1.72

$

1.85

(7%)

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

81.3

82.8

(2%)

81.5

83.3

(2%)

Adjusted Financial Highlights (1):

Total Operating Expenses

$

81.4

$

85.9

(5%)

$

247.0

$

234.6

5%

Operating Income

74.8

101.1

(26%)

234.9

244.0

(4%)

Operating Margin %

47.9%

54.1%

(620) bps

48.7%

51.0%

(230) bps

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders

$

47.2

$

63.0

(25%)

$

145.6

$

149.9

(3%)

Adjusted Diluted EPS

$

0.58

$

0.76

(24%)

$

1.79

$

1.80

(1%)

(1) A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results for the 2016 and 2015 reporting periods is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

 

Operating Revenue

The company reported operating revenue of $156.2 million in the third quarter of 2016, a decrease of $30.8 million, or 16 percent, from $187.0 million in the third quarter of 2015, resulting from a decrease of $32.9 million in transaction fees, offset somewhat by an increase of $1.1 million in market data fees.

Transaction fees were down 23 percent in the quarter as a result of a 12 percent decrease in total trading volume and a 12 percent decrease in average revenue per contract (RPC) versus the third quarter of 2015.  Total trading volume in the third quarter was 296.3 million contracts, or 4.63 million contracts per day, compared with volume of 335.7 million contracts, or 5.25 million contracts per day, in last year’s third quarter. Trading volume in the company’s higher-margin index options and futures contracts fell 19 percent in the quarter, while multiply-listed options declined 6 percent versus the third quarter of 2015.  The RPC in the third quarter of 2016 was $0.378 compared with $0.431 in the third quarter of 2015.

The RPC variance primarily reflects a shift in the mix of products traded, with a lower proportion of volume coming from index options and futures contracts, which generate the highest RPC.  These product categories accounted for 40.7 percent of trading volume in the third quarter of 2016, compared with 44.6 percent in the third quarter of 2015.  In addition, the RPC for equity options and exchange-traded products declined, reflecting higher volume-related incentives versus last year’s third quarter.

The average RPC represents total transaction fee revenue divided by total reported trading volume for Chicago Board Options Exchange® (CBOE®), C2 Options ExchangeSM (C2SM) and CBOE Futures ExchangeSM (CFE®).

Operating Expenses

Total operating expenses were $90.6 million for the third quarter of 2016, up $4.6 million or 5 percent, compared with $85.9 million for the same period in 2015, driven by higher professional fees and outside services, partially offset by lower depreciation and amortization and royalty fees.  The increase in professional fees and outside services largely reflects fees incurred relating to the company’s planned acquisition of Bats Global Markets, Inc. (Bats).  Total adjusted operating expenses, which exclude accelerated stock-based compensation, acquisition-related expenses and other unusual items were $81.4 million, down $4.5 million or 5 percent, compared with $85.9 million for the third quarter of 2015.

The company’s core operating expenses, which include total operating expenses less volume-based expenses, depreciation and amortization, accelerated stock-based compensation expense and unusual or one-time expenses, were $51.6 million for the third quarter of 2016, up $0.5 million or 1 percent, compared with last year’s third quarter.  The slight increase in core operating expenses primarily reflects increases of $1.2 million in travel and promotional expenses and $0.4 million in facilities cost, partially offset by a decrease of $1.5 million in compensation and benefits.

Volume-based expenses, which include royalty fees and order routing fees, were $19.9 million in the third quarter of 2016, a decrease of $2.5 million or 11 percent, compared with the same period last year.  This decrease primarily reflects lower royalty fees of $2.4 million, resulting from lower trading volume in licensed index and futures products, which were down 19 percent versus last year’s record-setting, third-quarter volume.

Operating Margin

The company’s operating margin was 42.0 percent for the third quarter of 2016, compared with 54.1 percent in last year’s third quarter.  The adjusted operating margin was 47.9 percent for the quarter compared with 54.1 percent for the third quarter of 2015.

Effective Tax Rate

The company reported an effective tax rate of 39.9 percent for the third quarter of 2016 compared with 33.4 percent in last year’s third quarter.  The third quarter of 2016 included expense arising from the recognition of uncertain tax positions and 2015’s third quarter included the benefit of the release of uncertain tax positions relating to prior years.

Operational Highlights and Recent Developments

  • On September 26, the company announced that it entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Bats in a cash and stock transaction valued at approximately $32.50 per Bats share, or a total of approximately $3.2 billion, consisting of 31% cash and 69% CBOE Holdings stock, based on CBOE Holdings’ closing stock price of $70.30 per share on September 23, 2016.
  • On September 26, CBOE launched options on the FTSE Emerging Index (Ticker: FTEM), a market-capitalization weighted index representing the performance of large and mid-cap companies from advanced and secondary emerging markets.
  • On August  25, CBOE Vest Financial, an investment manager focused on target outcome investment strategies, launched the CBOE Vest S&P 500 Buffer Protect Strategy Fund (Ticker: BUIGX), the first mutual fund designed to provide investors with index-based buffer protection.
  • On August 15, CBOE listed for trading S&P 500® Index Monday-expiring WeeklysSM options. CBOE now offers SPX options with Monday, Wednesday and Friday weekly expirations.
  • On August 15, CBOE launched the CBOE-SMA Large Cap Index, the first of a series of sentiment-based strategy benchmark indexes that measure short-term market momentum based on Social Market Analytics’ social media metrics.
  • On July 29, CBOE announced plans to broaden its data distribution to investors who want to track and trade options on the widely followed MSCI Emerging Markets (Ticker: MXEF) and MSCI EAFE (Ticker: MXEA) Indexes.  Real-time values for the underlying MSCI Emerging Markets and MSCI EAFE Indexes are expected to be available to broker-dealers through CBOE’s Market Data Express service later this year.
  • On July 6, CBOE announced that it has created a series of 13 “Enhanced Growth Indexes,” the second in a family of options-based strategy performance benchmarks designed to target the outcomes of specific investment strategies. The CBOE S&P 500 Enhanced Growth Indexes measure the performance of a hypothetical portfolio of SPX FLexible EXchange® (FLEX®) options designed to provide targeted annual returns. CBOE began disseminating daily values for the new benchmarks on June 24, 2016.
  • On July 1, the company opened its first international business development office in London, enabling CBOE to increase its presence in the region and allow its business development team to more directly engage with European-based clients and potential new customers, as well as the exchange’s strategic partners.

2016 Fiscal Year Financial Guidance

The company updated its financial guidance for the 2016 fiscal year as follows:

  • Core operating expenses for the 2016 fiscal year are expected to be slightly below the company’s guidance range of $211.0 million to $215.0 million.(2)
  • Depreciation and amortization expense is expected to be slightly below the range of $46.0 million to $48.0 million.
  • Capital expenditures are expected to be slightly below the range of $47.0 million to $49.0 million.

The company reaffirmed its financial guidance for the 2016 fiscal year as follows:

  • Continuing stock-based compensation expense included in core expenses is expected to be approximately $13.5 million for the full year.
  • The company expects to recognize accelerated stock-based compensation expense, on a quarterly basis, totaling approximately $1.0 million for the full year.  This expense is reported in compensation and benefits and included in the company’s non-GAAP reconciliation as an adjusted financial measure.
  • The effective tax rate for full-year 2016 is expected to be in the range of 38.5 percent to 39.5 percent.  Significant changes in trading volume, expenses, state and local tax rates and other items, including ongoing state and federal tax audits and unusual items, could materially impact this expectation.

(2)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company’s core operating expenses guidance are not available. The company believes that there is a degree of volatility with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to volume-based expenses, which include royalty fees and order routing fees, the items that would be required to reconcile to GAAP operating expenses, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations.  The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company’s core operating expenses would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

Return of Capital to Stockholders

As announced on October 26, 2016, CBOE Holdings’ Board of Directors declared a dividend for the fourth quarter of 2016, of $0.25 per share payable December 16, 2016, to stockholders of record as of December 2, 2016.

As of September 30, 2016, the company had approximately $97.0 million of availability remaining under its existing share repurchase authorizations.  There was no activity in the company’s share repurchase program during the third quarter, due to its planned transaction with Bats.

Year to date, the company has repurchased 947,786 shares at an average price of $63.83 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $60.5 million.

Since the inception of its share repurchase program in 2011 through September 30, 2016, the company has repurchased 10,947,401 shares of its common stock at an average price of $45.95 per share, for a total of $503.0 million.

Earnings Conference Call

Executives of CBOE Holdings will host a conference call to review its third-quarter financial results today, October 28, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. ET/7:30 a.m. CT.  The conference call and any accompanying slides will be publicly available via live webcast from the Investor Relations section of the company’s website at www.cboe.com under Events & Presentations.  Participants may also listen via telephone by dialing (877) 255-4313 from the United States, (866) 450-4696 from Canada or (412) 317-5466 for international callers.  Telephone participants should place calls 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. The webcast will be archived on the company’s website for replay.  A telephone replay of the earnings call also will be available from approximately 11:00 a.m. CT, October 28, 2016, through 11:00 p.m. CT, November 4, 2016, by calling (877) 344-7529 from the U.S., (855) 669-9658 from Canada or (412) 317-0088 for international callers, using replay code 10093067.

About CBOE Holdings

CBOE Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CBOE) is the holding company for Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), CBOE Futures Exchange (CFE) and other subsidiaries.  CBOE, the largest U.S. options exchange and creator of listed options, continues to set the bar for options and volatility trading through product innovation, trading technology and investor education. CBOE Holdings offers equity, index and ETP options, including proprietary products, such as options and futures on the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX Index) and S&P 500 options (SPX), the most active U.S. index option. Other products engineered by CBOE include equity options, security index options, Weeklys options, FLEX options, and benchmark products such as the CBOE S&P 500 BuyWrite Index (BXM). CBOE Holdings is home to the world-renowned Options Institute, Livevol options analytics and data tools, and www.cboe.com, the go-to place for options and volatility trading resources.

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