There are three key areas where action is required.
Deutsche Börse has average monthly order book turnover of €1bn in crypto ETN trading.
Year-to-date ESG bond and loan volumes have surpassed the 2020 total despite quarterly decline.
Covid, ESG and a growing focus on data has significantly churned market share.
Asset servicing has been expanded to include Australia, UK and Ireland.
A record number of ESG shareholder proposals passed this year.
The proposals include giving investors better access to company and trading data.
The Australian regulator concluded its investigation into the ASX equity market outage in November 2020.
Exchange groups are strengthening digital and network-related businesses.