CurveGlobal Volumes Triple in January
Volumes at CurveGlobal, the London Stock Exchange Group’s interest rate derivatives venture, were 3.5 times higher last month than a year ago, as MiFID II has changed the trading landscape.
@CurveGlobal January 2019 newsletter is now available online. Read Andy's CEO note, our Block trading article and check out or new section Team Picks. #BlockTrading #Bestexecution https://t.co/ZwnGP7ANti pic.twitter.com/T9iytvb1cu
— CurveGlobal (@CurveGlobal) February 4, 2019
CurveGlobal, a venture between the exchange, a group of banks and Cboe, said average daily trading volume was 30,000 lots last month and 48,000 lots were traded on 16 January in a record day.
Andy Ross, chief executive of CurveGlobal, said in a statement: “Increased volumes are welcome, but the underlying trend signifies much more. The trading landscape is shifting with MiFID II, opening up a more competitive futures market.”
MiFID II went live in the European Union at the start of last year and strengthened best execution requirements. Clients can also achieve capital efficiencies through offsetting margins for futures against cleared swaps at LCH, the London Stock Exchange Group’s clearing business.
“Fractional block trading allows participants to agree a price between the bid and offer, and then apportion the contracts between the bid and offer prices to achieve this result,” added Ross. “Half-point spreads can potentially create the opportunity for greater liquidity by reducing the cost of entering and exiting a trading position.”
Block volumes increased last year and set a new record last month according to CurveGlobal. In addition, fractional block trades made up 61% of all block trades in December 2018.
@CurveGlobal weekly dashboard: record total Open Interest
448,672, record OI in 3M SONIA 29,952 and Euribor 236,729, block trading
exceeded 200,000 lots for the first time in January 2019. #blocktrading#futures pic.twitter.com/NEsR5C2KKy
— CurveGlobal (@CurveGlobal) February 5, 2019
Ross continued in the CurveGlobal newsletter that a number of firms are using smart order routers so they can trade a position in CurveGlobal or another exchange at any time based on price.
“Fidessa is the latest firm to release a smart order router to enable best prices to be traded, joining a number of vendors/in-house SORs in automating trading across different futures venues,” said Ross. “I think 2019 is going to be a good year as we help solve more problems and build an even deeper liquidity pool.”
In April last year CurveGlobal launched futures based on the Sterling Overnight Index Average (Sonia), the UK’s new risk-free reference rate which will replace sterling Libor.
After the financial crisis there were a series of scandals regarding banks manipulating their submissions for setting benchmarks across asset classes, which led to a lack of confidence and threatened participation in the related markets. As a result, regulators have increased their supervision of benchmarks and want to move to risk-free reference rates which are based on transactions, so they are harder to manipulate and more representative of the market.
Market participants have been using Sonia futures as they look to make this transition and trading volumes have been increasing. CurveGlobal said three-month Sonia futures contracts were an average 52.46% of the daily volume between 24 and 30 January.
Edwin Schooling Latter, director of markets and wholesale policy at the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority, gave a speech on Libor transition at the International Swaps and Derivatives Association’s annual legal forum in London last month.
Schooling Latter said the share of cleared sterling swaps referencing Sonia has grown over the past two years to 19% in the second half of last year, from 11% in the first half of 2016.
“In notional terms it is a far higher share,” he added. “In fact, on a monthly basis, cleared notional in Sonia swaps is now higher than that for sterling Libor.”
He cited data from LCH which shows growth in the use of swaps referencing the new risk-free-rates replacing yen, Swiss franc and US dollar Libor rates – Tona, Saron and SOFR respectively.
LCH had cleared $78bn in Tona swaps and $21.7bn in Saron swaps in January. He said: “Of the relatively small $17bn SOFR notional outstanding, $7bn was cleared in the past two weeks.”
Outside the derivatives markets, Schooling Latter added that a total of £6.9bn ($9bn) in sterling floating rate notes using Sonia were issued between June and December last year.
“Already in 2019, by Wednesday last week, we had seen a further £7.2bn,” he said. “If past weeks are a guide, new sterling floating rate note issuance is only Sonia-based now. We have also seen $46.3 billion in SOFR-referencing US dollar floating rate notes.”
John Feeney wrote on the Clarus Financial Technology blog that 2019 will be an important year for the development of new markets and benchmarks based on risk-free rates.
— Clarus (@clarusft) February 5, 2019
Feeney continued that the following steps need to be taken before a meaningful transition of trading takes place including finalisation of the ISDA documentation for fallbacks for the first four currencies; the establishment of term risk-free rates and increased trading at longer maturities.
“Liquidity attracts liquidity: the more trading takes place in longer maturities, the more market participants will find confidence in the RFR benchmarks and accelerate the transition from Libor to Sonia, for example,” added Feeney. “The transition from Libor to RFRs has to happen but the market needs some critical developments. This will be something to watch closely in 2019 and beyond.”
As much as 50% of the market could be cleared.
The posting of initial and variation margin reduces counterparty credit risk.
Post-crisis regulation has pushed markets toward centralised clearing.
The clearing house aims to increase operational efficiency as it experiences growth across asset classes.
Supervisors should focus on continued implementation of agreed principles for the clearing ecosystem.